KISS syndrome

KISS syndrome

What is KISS syndrome?
KISS is the abbreviation for: Kopfgelenk Induzierte Symmetrie  Störungen.
This German acronym is also known in English as “Kinetic Imbalances due to Suboccipital Strain”. This means that there are functional problems with the upper vertebrae of the neck which can disturb the symmetrical development of the baby or the growing child.

Scientific explanation.
The area of the upper neck vertebrae is very complex and sensitive; it plays a significant part in supporting the head, the sense of balance, the definition of spatial awareness and movement in general.
We know that in this area the membranes and ligaments of the vertebrae and the muscles are equipped with a multitude of sensors that register movement.
These sensors transport an enormous quantity of information to various parts of the brain, and these control the muscles, balance, swallowing, vision, psychomotor development, etc.
Incorrect positioning of one of these vertebrae is caused by abnormal tension on the ligaments, membranes and muscles, and disturbs the transmission of information. The brain cannot therefore react properly to problems with motor function or posture.


Possible causes

At delivery:
- premature birth
- twins, triplets, etc
- prolonged or difficult delivery
- very rapid delivery
- malposition in the uterus
- delivery with forceps or ventouse
- emergency caesarean section
- prolapsed umbilical cord
- premature rupture of the membranes
- blue baby
- prenatal trauma
- low birth weight

During growth:
- narcosis
- physical lesion: if the infant or child suffers a fall or al blow to the head this has repercussions for the structure of the vertebral column.

The syndrome can give rise to various pains and abnormalities.

The majority of these pains disappear during growth. Recovery seems to occur, but it is only apparent. The impulse that urges the child to sit, stand and walk enables it to overcome the problems well.
This latent or compensatory phase remains with the child for a long time.

Family tendency : apart from the presence of one of the above causes, it is always possible that a family trait may be encountered.

Possible symptoms

Early signs:
- the back is often curved
- marked tendency to arch the back
- asymmetric development of the hips
- asymmetric movements of the arms and legs
- development of asymmetric skull
- difficulty in swallowing and a tendency to vomit
- frequent tears of protestation when getting dressed and undressed
- always sleeps in the same position
- head tilted to one side with a bald patch on one side
- the child does not like to be cuddled
- bouts of unexplained fever
- normal sucking and swallowing reflex
- poor appetite, difficulties in feeding/eating. The infant feeds normally at the breast but refuses anything else and cries constantly…
- the child cries a lot and sleeps badly
- the child tries to stand up very early
- the child skips the crawling stage
- the child is late learning to walk
- neck straight and flattened
- exaggerated extension of one foot
- difficulty holding the head straight and erect
- generally weak muscle tone
- flattened back of the head

Later signs:
- problems with balance
- poor posture
- the child falls or staggers frequently
- it always or frequently walks on tiptoe
- tiredness
- atypical stomach ache
- fatigue, lack of energy
- sleep problems: difficulty falling asleep, frequent waking up, restless sleep, little sleep…
- trouble concentrating, quickly forgetting a given task, variable school results
- migraines
- recurring headaches, or headaches on waking up
- neck pain and stiffness
- back pain
- changes in behaviour: easily discouraged, temper tantrums, uncertainty, nervousness, demanding a lot of attention
- very slow general and fine motor function development
- growing pains
- Tourette’s syndrome (tics, teeth grinding,…)
- delay in learning words


Assessment includes:
- questionnaire for parents
- observation of child
- assessment of movement
- palpation of the vertebral column and pelvis
- taking of X-rays
- discussion with departments already consulted

Treatment : consists principally of corrective manipulation (reflex-impuls technic) of the upper vertebral column. The force necessary is so minimal that this treatment is totally painless and free of risk. The manipulation is so subtle that a layperson might not be able to see it.